Sunday, March 8, 2015

439 Should there be only one Communist Party in India? Is Communist Unity compulsory?

Logo images, courtesy

Today evening, I had a fortune of interacting with two CPIM door-to-door canvassers, in a friend's house.   During the interaction, my friend expressed a little dis-satisfaction about disunity between the two major Communist parties, and among various Communist Parties in India.

After coming home, I had some brain-storming in my mind about unity among Communist Parties in India.  Earlier also, I had applied my mind on this particular problem.

ybrao-a-donkey's humble line of thinking वैबीराव गधे के विनम्र राय వైబీరావుగాడిద వినమ్ర అభిప్రాయం

Having only one Communist Party has its own set of problems.  1. Monopolies are dangerous.  2. If the top leaders of that single party get sold out or become adamant, there will be no alternative.  3. Healthy competition among Communist Parties will promote a healthy Communist Movement.  4. What Karl Marx envisaged, according to me, does not seem to be one party rule or one party dictatorship.  The interpretation of dictatorship of proletariat, as dictatorship one a single Communist Party, seems to be a misinterpretation which took place in U.S.S.R., East Europe, China, Cuba etc.  Such misinterpretation resulted in capturing of the Communist Parties in those countries, by unscrupulous dictators for establishing themselves as lifetime dictators.

If Karl Marx had really prescribed that there should be only one Communist Party for the entire proletariat of a country, we can safely say that he had gone wrong somewhere, and we can go for pluralist Communism (Multi party Communism).

What Marx envisaged in the phrase 'dictatorship of proletariat' appears to be that rulers should come only from working class.  It implies that, there can be any number of parties, as long as they are led by workers and working class,  distinguished from bourgeoisie and owners.

Besides, once inequalities are razed to ground, by removal of private property, and socialisation of national productive resources, the persons of bourgeoisie and owner classes will have to become workers, and there is bound to be only one class, i.e. working class or proletariat.  Dictatorship of proletariat becomes democracy of proletariat.

Next consequence will be, leaders of workers may have to contest with one another in winning the confidence of the proletariat which is nothing but the whole population and the whole electorate.  This competition among workers' leaders, will necessarily lead to more than one Communist Party.

The common argument used by those who are worried about disunity among Communist Parties, is the risk of splitting of votes.   This problem superficially looks serious because, voters sympathise bourgeoisie parties owing to numerous reasons such as voter bribing, liquor, caste, religion, landlord domination, industrialist domination etc.

If voters really understand what Communism really means, and the benefits it confers, the top two parties will be CPI and CPM (or vice versa) or some other Communist Party.  Thus, there is no risk in having more number of Communist Parties, as long as they work as 'live parties' and not end up as dormant  inert zombies.

A natural consequence, probably, of course, will be a ban of bourgeoisie parties for ever in the history of that country.

Telugu and Hindi language versions will be written shortly.

(To continue.  सशेष.  ఇంకా ఉంది).

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ఘోరమైన విమర్శలకు కూడ స్వాగతం, జవాబులు ఇవ్వబడతాయి. Harsh Criticism is also welcome.