In my mother tongue, Telugu language, there is a proverb "sagam peTTi mEnatta anTE ela?". Its approx. English gist is based on a small anecdote: Once a nephew and a paternal aunt (father's sister) had a love affair, with a sexual intercourse. In most Regional sub-cultures of India, sex with paternal aunt is a moral taboo, and a sort of incest, though may not be absolute legal incest. This nephew, after half-penetration, suddenly got a moral dilemma and said "You are my mEnatta (paternal aunt). How can I do this to you?". He wanted to withdraw. This proverb, though somewhat obscene and un-parliamentary, has an important message, "Either we should have things in full, or not have them at all'.
What Late Jawaharlal Nehru, the First Prime Minister of India, and Late Indira Gandhi, the Second Prime Minister of India with Socialist Pretentions, did to India was the same thing. Though Late Jawaharlal Nehru pronounced that PUblic Sector in India will reach Commanding Heights, he did not do enough to introduce True Socialism in India. Either it may be his half-heartedness, or it may be teething problems which nascent independent India faced, or headaches like Jammu Kashmir, Goa, Pondicherry, or it may be non-cooperation from his Finance Ministers such as Morarji Desai, and T.T. Krishnamachary. Late Chakravartula Rajagopalachary (Rajaji) too might have resisted it.
As far as I can recollect, it was Mrs. Indira Gandhi, who got the word "Socialist" inserted into the Indian Preamble of the INdian Constitution. Though she has taken some courageous steps like Nationalisation of Banks, Insurance Companies and Nationalisation of Petroleum Companies, she did not go beyond populism. Total Removal of Private Property, Abolition of Stock Exchanges, Abolition of Currency System, Abolition of Private Trade and Industry, also ought to have been tried. It may be too much for us to expect that she would abolish Family System to emancipate Women from Family work, Abolition of Family System. She herself visited Babas to get blessings.
Whatever half-half things were done with various motives, gradually, P.V. Narasimha Rao and Mr. Manmohan Singh tried to UNDO, and take credit for it.
For this reason only, the above reference to the Telugu Proverb "sagam peTTi mEnatta" has become apt. Now, Readers will see! Mr. Bernie Sanders (Democratic Contender for the American Presidency), Mr. Jeremy Corbyn (England's Labor Party Leader), Mr. Alexis Tsipras (Prime Minister of Greece), all fall in this "sagam peTTi mEnatta" category.
Mr. Barack Obama eight years back raised GREAT EXPECTATIONS worldwide. What happened? Now, eight years elapsed. The US is at the same place, where it was eight years back.
The US will be at the same place in 2020, where it is in 2016, whether Mr. Bernie Sanders will win the Election or not. Even if Donald Trump wins the Elections, still US will be at the same place. Reason: They are just two cogs in a big machine. If they try too hard, they will be caught in some pinion wheel. Though they may not be assassinated physically, they will be made mentally imbecile. Besides, most Americans at least, as on date, do not appear to believe in the efficacy of True Socialism as a cure for all the viruses of Capitalism. Yet, they may elect Mr. Bernie Sanders, with a "small-boundary-limit" that he will not exceed their brief and will not go too far. They too want "sagam peTTi mEnatta".
Yet to be written. I shall write tomorrow.
To continue and revise this, with more proof.. सशेष. సశేషం.