Here is our third English Crossword Puzzle, and its solution. Clues are given below. While the grid has been generated using a software package by name 'qxw', clues have been supplied by me applying my mind+ brain + dictionary . After that, you will have a very valuable Sanskrit verse, which can influence our individual behaviors, and behaviors of the persons in the society.
CLUES FOR THE YB CROSSWORD PUZZLE YB CW 003.
1. Swords (6).
2. In Parliament, not yet Law (5).
10. Unit of energy and work (3).
12. A charming floral name for babies (4).
13. Violent disturbances in streets (5).
12. A short babyname for Alexander (4).
17. Make one's way hurriedly. An insect (6).
19. Shortcut babyname to mean 'Father of multitudes' (3).
20. Editor (2).
21. Completed eating (3).
22. What a tit may get you ! (3).
25. Arrange (3).
27. Is __ going to become ultimate dump of urban solid and liquid wates? (3)
28. Nocturnal low-flying mammal (3).
30. Short for sister (3).
34. Desert one's party (3).
36. Can't take unlimited liability (3).
38. Company (2).
39. Tease good-naturedly. Member of a dozen soldiers defending our thorax (3).
40. Star Purvashadha in Indian Astronomy (6).
43. A baby-girl-name to mean 'little rock' (4).
45. If we can't meditate without ____, then better to stop meditating (5).
46. Swami Vivekananda relished green turtles. The ____ which are green in color (4).
48. Chum (4).
50. An African Viral fever (5).
1. Dated (6).
2. Drop (4).
3. Frequent ____ can ruin a Windows System (6).
4. Sales Report; Senior (2).
6. Anger (3).
7. Traced, found after search (7).
8. Linx Command to list files, equiv. to 'dir' in Windows dos (2).
9. Defended, preserved, protected (5).
11. Short for gallon (3).
14. Eat in a different way (3).
15. Arabic for 'the' (2).
16. Allow, permit (3).
18. Starting places for holes, on a golf course (4).
24. Distortions and mutilations (4).
26. Slight, noticeable partiality (4).
29. Travelling Allowance, in short (2).
31. Balanced, consistent, and in a state of equilibrium (6).
32. To self-praise in superlatives (5).
33. Silly talk (5).
35. Yellowish brown (3).
41. In Indian mythology, Dhruva's stepmother did not allow him to sit on his father's ___(3).
42. Can make good raw material for paper (4).
44. Donkey (3).
47. Short for, 'not applicable' (2).
49. Alternate Current (2).
TODAY'S SANSKRIT VERSE
pratyakshE guravah stutyAha,
parOkshE mitra bAndhavAha,
karmAntE dAsa bhrityAsca,
na kadAcana putrakAha.
English: We have to praise preceptors direct and in their presence.
We have to praise friends and relatives, in the presence of third persons.
We have to praise servants and subordinates, as soon as they complete the task, they have been entrusted to accomplish / perform.
We should never praise our own sons.
Pl. do not construe that I am in agreement with the views expressed in the above Sanskrit verse. We can easily write a hundred pages, discussing the pros and cons of the above four lines. For example, first line : Praising preceptor. The Mahabharata archerer Arjuna knew the value of praising Guru Dronacharya, and by doing it, he received preferred treatment from his Guru. Had Karna too praised Dronacharya, he might have received some (mythological) astras (arrows enchanted with sacredmantras).
About NOT PRAISING ONE'S OWN SONS
Even this seems to yield counter-productive results. I request my readers to read the biographic narration of Great Sanskrit Poet Bharavi, the creator of the Sanskrit book "kirAtArjunIyam". Bharavi was peeved that his father had never praised him, got so much irritated with him, that Bharavi wanted to kill his father by hitting him on his head with a big stone. For the purpose, he hid himself on the attic, while his father was dining on the floor.
We may have to adopt a contingency approach, in deciding to praise anybody for their attainments, and in choosing the degree and magnitude of the praise. Too little praise, may work as a de-motivator. Excess praise may end up as flattery.
Basic principle about 'praising' and 'showering appreciation', I learnt while I was studying my PG Diploma in Personnel Management, during 1981-82, in an Evening College at Guntur, was:--
Appreciation and praise which the employees and Managers deserve can be expressed openly, can also be communicated to the employee privately, or both. On the other hand, an employee should never be chided or reprimanded publicly, except, in very very extra-ordinary circumstances, where forbearance on the part of the superiors, may be misinterpreted as MANAGEMENT SUPPORT TO THE DELINQUENT EMPLOYEE. In such situations also, it will be better, if the Superiors use only judicious counselling methods, reserving sterner action for future. Opportunities may be given to the subordinates to correct themselves. Besides, it may be difficult to take back abusive and harsh words, once spoken. Hence, some cautiousness will help.
Question: Why a Contingency approach?
Whether to bark or bite, or to bark and bite, or to decide the order of bark, bite, bark and bite, bite and bark, these permutations and combinations, the Managements will have to decide using adequate discretion and diligence, and no hard and fast rigid tenets can, never, be applied.
Question: What are your personal behaviors, and personal experiences?
I am unable to recollect having praised or abused my sons, either in their presence, or in their absence. Though occasionally, I used to extend my support to them by my laughing-nod, and a shake-hand, when I signed in their school progress cards, as a token of appreciation, primarily I have left them to learn human behaviors from the environment.
I Standard to III Standard
About my experiences in Schools in which I studied: Upto III Std., my studies was in a chaos, with numerous brakes and interregnums. rukAvat ke liyE khEd nahi thA (There were no regrets for the stoppages). There was no question of praising the only teacher (Guru, preceptor) who taught me Telugu and Primary Mathematics, at his home-run school. All the three years were spent studying only one Standard or, whatever it is called, with only one text book by name 'Kotta Andhra VAcakamu' (New Telugu Reader), published by a Private firm named Venkatrama & Co, which had its offices at Eluru and Vijayavada. There was no Mathes Text book. The Reader had 64 pages, centre-stitch, about the size of 1/5 A4 or 1/8 foolscap, after cutting the edges. His younger sons and I acquired the technique of making snuff from tobacco, lime, clarified butter, by heating-roasting the ingredients on a charcoal stove and grinding them into a fine powder. We used to massage teacher's feet with castor oil. I am unable to recollect whether my grandfather paid him any money to him in cash or in kind, for teaching me those three years. He was a pious man, no alcohol, no smoking, except inhaling the snuff. Though he belonged to 'Priest Community', I did not see him ever chanting any mantras. May be because, he had his own set of personal health and financial problems. There was no occasion for us-disciples to praise him. Nor, was there any occasion for him to praise his younger sons for making the snuff or for massaging his feet, or me who too actively participated.
VI Std. to VIII Std.
IV and V Std., I skipped, after studying one month each.
The one month of IV Standard was at a Management School in Guntur, during a Dassera season.
The one month of V Standard was at Bapatla, at a Municipal Primary School.
VI Standard to VIII Standard, I studied at Municipal High School, Bapatla. The teacher-student relations were not formal as such, but at the same time, there were no personal interactions (to the best of my knowledge or as far as my personal experience goes). Sections used to be large with about 50 students per class. Getting admission into the school itself was tough. I had to prepare for an Entrance exam., using a guide called 'vijaya sAdhani', and 'Murthy's Guide'. My admission hall ticket No for the entrance test into VI Std., was 139. I started learning English alphabet in VI Standard only. There were some questions like Who is CM of (United) Andhra Pradesh, Who is Governor of AP, Who is President of India, etc., etc. in the Entrance Test. Almost all the teachers at that school, at that time, were very good. We were never restricted or taught to learn by rote. There were free / low cost extra-curricular activities like gardening on the sands of the school, some singing of drama verses, some outdoor games like khokho, running, with token prizes. Each class used to have some student squads in the name of National leaders like Gandhiji, Nehruji, Netaji, Patel, Tilak, et al. Yet, there was no question of, or no occasions of our praising them, / their praising us.
IX Standard to XII Standard
IX Std. to XII Std., I studied at Hindu College Multipurpose School, Guntur. This is a Private Management School, receiving Aid from the Government. I joined the school at IX Class. It had 10 Sections from A to J, consisting of about 50 students in each Section, total 500 students in IX Class itself. In view of the large size of the school, and the classes, tacher-student relations were more formal. Here also, teachers were exceptionally good at that time, by and large. There was nothing unpleasant about the school. In my personal view, the School of those days was far better than the Corporate Schools of today. There were no occasions for the students to praise the Gurus, or the Gurus to praise the students, as far as my perception and memory goes.. Once I missed my classes for a full month, as my parents took me to Uncles' marriages, outstation. It affected my receptivity and understanding of the subjects. For that, my English teacher chided me in the presence of other students. I am unable to recollect, how I reacted.
To continue. सशेष. ఇంకా ఉంది.