Sunday, July 17, 2016

791 Part (2/10) of what choices were given to women characters in Indian Scriptures, particularly Valmiki Ramayana?


This is continuation of our blogpost No. 790. Click to go to our blogpost No. 790. , where we have discussed a review by Ms. Namita Gupta in Deccan Chronicle, of a book of Shri Devadutt Pattanaik, priced Rs. 199, with pages 112. The title of the review: "Matter of Choice". The title of the book: THE GIRL WHO CHOSE: A NEW WAY OF NARRATING THE RAMAYANA. My readers may recall that the Review of Ms. Namita Gupta, as well as, the book by Shri Devdutt Pattanaik talk of choices made available to the protagonist of Valmiki Ramayana, Sita.

I have already given one example of choice given by Lord Shri Ramachandra, to Mother Sita, in Yuddha Kanda (Book of War), Sita agni Pravesam (fire-test/ordeal of Sita) Episode. In that episode, Lord Rama asked Sita to set her mind on Lakshmana or Sugriva or Vibhishana or Bharata. I have also mentioned that was not the manner in which a life's partner is to be talked to by our ideal husband Shri Rama.

We shall now, see another episode of Valmiki Ramayana, where there were limited choices or no choices, to the Crown-Queen of Dasaratha-- Kausalya. Ref. Book No. 1, Book of Children (bAla kAnda). Episode of Context: Performance of Horse Sacrifice by Dasaratha, to get children. In this episode, Queen Kausalya was asked to sleep a night with the sacrificial horse (whatever it might have meant?!!!). Next day, she was asked to stab the horse with gold knives. After that, the fat of the dead sacrificial horse was dropped into the sacrificial fires, amidst the hymns which the udghAta had sung. Dasaratha smelt the fumes from the sacrificial fire/pyre, and his sins cleansed, so that he could be entitled to get offsprings.



In English language. In Roman Script.
1-14-33
Kausalyaa tam hayam
tatra paricarya samantataha
kripaan`aihi vishashaasaha
enam tribhih paramayaa mudaa

With great delight coming on her Queen Kausalya reverently made circumambulations to the horse, and symbolically killed the horse with three knives. [1-14-33].

1-4-34
patatriNaa tadaa saardham
susthitena ca cetasaa
avasat rajaniim ekaam
kausalyaa dharma kaamyayaa.

English Gist: Kausalya, with a composed mind, and a desire for "virtuous act", resided with / slept with the horse for one night.

1-14-35
hotA adhvaryuH tatha
udgaataa hastena samayojayan
mahiShyaa parivrittyA atha
vAvAtaam aparAm tathA.

Approx. English Gist: The hotA (=host, priest who hosts the sacrificial offers to God, by dropping them into fire- sending them through fire god to the Supreme God), adhvaryu (administrator/leader/manager/captain of the sacrifice), ud-ghAta (singer of the holy hymns) have received into their hands, the Queen, neglected wives, concubines of the King. (This interpretators say was not actual gifting of queens, wives and concubines, but only symbolic gifting. The King, later takes them back by giving monetary rewards and gold.)

1-14-36
patatrin`aha tasya vapaam
uddhruitya niyateendriyaha
ruitvik parama sampannaha
shrapayaamaasa shaastrataha

English Gist: "uddhruitya niyata indriyaha" is the attributive adjectival phrase for the performing priest. That priest (Ritvik) had kept his senses under great control. "Parama sampanna" (very rich- here, according to interpreters very rich in knowledge), cooked the fat, as stipulated in the scriptures.

1-14-37
Dhuuma gandham vapaayaaha
tu jighrati sma narAdhipaha
yathA kAlam yathA nyAyam
nirNudan pApam Atmanaha

Approx. Engl. gist: "yathA kAlam yathA nyAyam" (as per [their] times and as per practices of justices of those days), narAdhipa (king) smelt the fumes and smoke, and cleansed his sins.


ybrao-a-donkey's humble-personal view:

Our great authors Devdutt Pattanaik, and our reviewer Ms. Namita Gupta write of choices given to Indian women. Can they say what choice was given to the Respectable Queen Kausalya, who was asked to sleep with the horse a night, and to pierce the horse next morning with gold knives? The verse 1-4-33 uses the adverb 'paramaya muda' (great delight or happiness) for her act of piercing the horse.

In Telugu language spoken by 100 million people, in Telugu Script. వాల్మీకి రామాయణానికి యథానువాదం. ఆంధ్రావాల్మీకి స్వర్గీయ శ్రీ వావిలకొలను సుబ్బారావు గారు, 1932.
బాలకాండ. 426 వ పద్యం.
సీస పద్యం
అంతట కౌసల్య , హయమును సేవించి,
మొనసి కృపాణముల్ , మూట చీల్చి
యొక్కరే యెల్లను, మక్కువ శయనించె
నా వాజి యొద్ద , ధర్మాభిలాష
బ్రహ్మకు హోతకు , పదపడి అధ్వ్యర్యు
నకును ఉద్ఘాతకు, నరవి భుండు
మహిషి వావాతను, మరియు పాలాకలి,
పరివృత్తి నొసంగె, స్పర్శనముగ

ఆటవెలది
అంత వారావపను, అగ్నిలో వేల్వ సం,
పన్న ఋత్విజుండు, పాప మణగ,
పార్ధివుండు తద్వ, పా ధూమ గంధంబు
మూరు కొనియె కాల మునను సవిధి.


'makkuva'= we can equate with parama mudam (great joy), see the Sanskrit verse. dharmA abhilAsha = desire for righteousness, this we can equate with 'dharma kAmya' of Valmiki's verse quoted above. mahishi (Queen), vAvAta (concubine), parivrita (neglected wife) : there are different interpretations. Thus one SISamu (a prosody meter for verses in Telugu language) took care of nearly five verses of Valmiki Ramayana quoted above. By and large the translation is accurate and near to the original of Valmiki.

I rever Late Vavilakolanu Subba Rao garu for his hard work and dedication. We are fortunate that he was born in Telugu land.

BACK TO CHOICES GIVEN TO WOMEN CHARACTERS IN VALMIKI RAMAYANA


No choice. Kausalya had to pierce the horse with the gold knives.

To continue. सशेष. ఇంకా ఉంది.

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